Unit 4: Historical Influence of Europe

Next Test Date: Tuesday, December 10th

Unit 4 : Historical Influence of Europe

List of items you could attach to the Unit 4 Study Guide:

  • Timeline and/or Timeline Research paper
  • Exploration and Colonization Quick Facts
  • Prince Henry brochure
  • World Map of Empires—Spain, Portugal, France
  • 4 Reasons Why England Colonized Australia sheet
  • Causes and Effects of WW1 sheet
  • CSI Archduke Franz Ferdinand sheet
  • Treaty of Versailles terms sheet
  • “Europe from 1917-1939” sheet
  • “The 5 Ws” sheet
  • Romanov family research (Rasputin, Anastasia, etc.)
  • European History Quiz 1
  • European History Quiz 2
  • “Cold War info sheet”
  • Any notes you may have taken from Monday during our “Interactive Questioning
  • Any notes you may have taken during primary document ANALYZING

The test will cover these standards:

SS6H6 The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.
a. Identify the causes of European exploration and colonization; include religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator.
What is SS6H6a. saying? Students should be able to say why the European empires started exploring and taking colonies.  Specifically, how did religion, natural resources, the opportunity to sell goods, and Prince Henry the Navigator cause exploration/colonization? Personal connection question: What kinds of things might cause a people to take big risks (while spending lots of time/money) to explore? What might they be looking for?
b. Trace the empires of Portugal, Spain, England, and France in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
What is SS6H6b. saying? Do students know where Portugal colonized?  Where did Spain have colonies?  Where did England (the UK) have colonies?  Where did France have colonies?  Be sure to include colonies on the continents of Asia, Africa, North America, & South America. Personal connection question: What cultural evidence can we find in countries (including our country) today that will give us a clue about which European empire colonized them?
c. Trace the colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom.
What is SS6H6c. saying? Why did the United Kingdom colonize Australia?  Where in Australia did the British (people from UK) live once they got to Australia? How did their arrival impact the natives of Australia (the Aborigines)? Personal connection question: How might you feel if your people lived on a continent for thousands of years and another group of people came in and took over your lands while treating you poorly?
d. Explain the impact of European empire building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of WWI.
What is SS6H6d. saying? Students should be able to say how the building and growth of the European empires started WW1.  "Empire building" does not mean an actual 'building', but rather how the different empires in Europe (examples: French empire, British empire, Spanish empire, Portuguese empire, etc.) built up or grew their empires...  Remember our definition of empire from Unit 1.  Why might growing empires cause WW1 to begin? Personal connection question: How do you feel when you see the people around you getting things that you want?

SS6H7 The student will explain conflict and change in Europe to the 21st century.
a. Describe major developments following World War I: the Russian Revolution, the Treaty of Versailles, worldwide depression, and the rise of Nazism.
What is SS6H7a. saying? What were the effects of WW1?  How did WW1 play a role in starting the Russian Revolution of 1917? The Treaty of Versailles was the official end of WW1, but how did it lead to the start of WW2?  What was the worldwide depression and how did it further lead to WW2?  What was Nazism and how did it lead to WW2?  Personal connection question: What kinds of strong emotions might cause a group of people to revolt against their leaders? What kinds of strong emotions might cause a country to start a war?
b. Explain the impact of WWII in terms of the Holocaust, the origins of the Cold War, and the rise of Superpowers.
What is SS6H7b. saying? Students should be able to detail what long-term effects WW2 had on the world. Specifically, what were the effects of the Holocaust?  How did the final events of WW2 lead to the start of the Cold War?  What are 'Superpowers' in terms of world history, and why were they rising up?  Why was Germany divided into East and West during the Cold War?   Personal connection question: If you saw your 'rival' was getting stronger and better, what does that make you want to do?  How could that potentially affect people who aren't involved in your rivalry?
c. Explain how the collapse of the Soviet Union led to the end of the Cold War and German reunification. 
What is SS6H7c. saying? Students should be able to say why the Soviet Union collapsed, why that collapse led to the end of the Cold War, and how Germany became one whole country again.   Personal connection question: How do you think our world might be different if the Cold War had become a "Hot" War, meaning the USA and Soviet Union had fought with armies and weapons (potentially nuclear ones)?


Visit our European History Quizlet page! (click here)


  • Three Gs are GOD, GOLD, GLORY
  • Famous explorers went to find "new lands" they could "claim" for their homeland.
  • Prince Henry had a school of navigation (in Portugal) and taught many of the explorers how to be successful
  • They would explore for the purpose of colonization.
  • It was the "cool thing" to have colonies.  The more colonies you had, the more jealous everyone was. (Jealousy that eventually led to WW1)
  • Colonies also provided raw materials and resources (especially important for smaller countries). The wealth went to the empires in Europe, often leaving the colonies to struggle.
  • The "BIG FOUR" European Empires were 1. England (Britain/UK) 2. France 3. Spain 4. Portugal

The Four Reasons why England (Britain/UK) Colonized Australia:
1) For a prison colony to help them (England) with their overcrowded prisons.
2) To extend their (England's) military reach by having a naval base in the southern hemisphere.
3) For expansion of trade via a British trading post in Australia.
4) To beat their rivals (mainly France) in the race for colonies by claiming Australia before the other European empires had a chance.

The Causes of World War 1 (some of them):

  • The U.K. and Germany were competing to have the most powerful navy in the world. This caused tension in Europe.
  • Empire-building (ex. Scramble for Africa) caused many small conflicts around the world. This created many rivalries among European countries.
  • Alliances (originally set-up to prevent war) meant that any major political disputes would lead to a large (rather than a small) conflict.
  • Nationalism caused WW1 since people across the world wanted to show the rest of the world how strong & important their country was. Many people thought that their country was the best, and thought that they'd be able to win a war very easily if there was one.
  • The "Spark" that started the war: The heir the the Austrian throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) was assassinated murdered by Serbian nationalists. When Serbia and Austria-Hungary started fighting, all the alliances kicked-in and the war quickly escalated into WW1.

The Effects of World War 1 (some of them):

  • The Russian Revolution in 1917 happened because the lower class in Russia was tired of how the Czar was running the country.  They overthrew him and brought communism to Russia, making way for the Soviet Union.
  • The Treaty of Versailles was written & signed, and many people blame the ToV for WW2.
  • Much of Europe became economically depressed, especially Germany, which led to the popularity of the Nazi Party.
  • Many colonies started to desire and fight for independence.

The Treaty of Versailles - click this link to access a Prezi presentation on the Treaty of Versailles

Timeline of Events of World War 1 (click here)

Timeline of Events of World War 2 (click here)

Timeline of Events of the Cold War (click here)


Cold War info sheet:

Primary Documents
Can you analyze these primary documents?
1) What do you observe in each image?
2) What do you think the message is with each image?
3) What point of view do you think is represented with each primary document? (which side are they on?)
4) How do these documents connect to our history standards?


World War 1 related:



World War 2 related:

Soviet Union related:


German Reunification related: